Camping is a fun, seasonal, summer activity but it does impact the environment in ways that one might not consider – waste. Not only do you break you and your families recycling routine by adjusting to new city program, but many things that are considered ‘camping friendly’ are heavily packaged (usually in non-recyclable material). This blog will address the gaps in the current campsite recycling system and list some ways you can make your next camping experience low impact.
Recycling at Campsites
Generally when you are going camping, you are likely entering a different district or area that has a completely different set of recycling rules that differ from those usually followed for your curbside collection. It is always important to get all of the recycling details from the campground attendants, as usually flyers or brochures are available. If they don’t provide these resources, it is important to look at the ‘garbage station’ that they have on-site before throwing anything out to make sure you know what is and is not recyclable. I cannot emphasize this enough – know how the waste system works before you assume – they are SO different from district to district.
Something that I have noticed doing some out of district (and district) camping myself, is there is NO organics recycling. With the proposed changing to waste legislation occurring in 2022 (food waste ban), campgrounds in Ontario will have to get on board with organics recycling whether they like it or not. However, I think a large draw back, especially for those in Northern Ontario, is the fear of enticing bears to the property through this process. To those people, I argue that the food in the landfill dumpster is just as much an attractant to bears as organics alone would be. There is still food waste, out in the open, buried and on top of other types of garbage – easily still something to attract bears. However, if the organics ban does go through in 2022, the waste industry will need to be innovative in creating a bear proof container that locks in food waste in such a way that does not entice bears, to make campground owners and campers feel more safe about their garbage disposal practices.
Waste Free Camping Ideas
As said earlier in this post, it is easy to pick up food and items for camping that are considered to be that of ‘convenience packaging.’ Through this, you naturally create more garbage and unrecyclable material that otherwise you wouldn’t purchase or buy. However, there are some things that you could buy, do or use alternatively that may help to curve your waste generation while camping. Here is a small list of things that may help you get closer to nature without impacting.
- Beeswax Wraps
Since you are generally packing light when you go camping, you likely won’t be bringing along many containers for left over food. To make up for this, you likely will bring a roll of plastic wrap to keep and repackage food. This plastic wrap just creates more garbage and is not reusable. Alternatively, try beeswax wraps! These wraps are a material that is (usually) hand coated in beeswax. They are easy to clean, store and use, AND make a great alternative to plastic wrap! Vegan? They make vegan friendly ones too! Check your local eco-store or order online. You won’t regret it – they are awesome!
- Aluminum Foil Alternative
Instead of bringing along a wasteful roll of aluminum foil to cook things in the fire, consider bringing cast iron or fire safe pan to do your cooking. Use oil on your pans instead of lining with aluminum foil. This is a ‘convenience’ item and is not necessary during camping or everyday use.
- Reusable Plates & Cutlery
A lot of people choose to bring paper plates and plastic cutlery when camping, for again, convenience. The problem with this is that there is usually no organics recycling at campgrounds, and therefore all paper plates and even ‘compostable’ cutlery is considered garbage. However, if you are using your paper plates as part of your fire starter, you are likely able to get away with using them, while still being eco-friendly. With that said, never put plastic utensils, or plastic plates, into your fire. Plan ahead and bring regular utensils and plates.
- Leave no trace
This is a big one. So much garbage, recycling and food waste is generated while camping. I have seen it so many times when people leave their campsites; they leave empty beer cans, plastic bottles or garbage bags out on their campsite. Be responsible for the waste you generate. If there are no garbage cans or recycling bins around, bring it home.
- Bring it home if its not recyclable
If you headed home after your camping trip and you notice an item is not accepted in the recycling program at the campsite, you can bring that item home to be recycled. For example, many districts and areas don’t accept plastic bags in their recycling system, but Niagara does. Bring the plastic bags home and simply recycle them in your home recycling/garbage program. It doesn’t take much effort and it is one way to do your part in low impact camping.
- Pick it up on a trail
This is my favourite initiative on here. When camping, you generally do a few trail/nature walks or beach visits. If you see garbage around, pick it up and throw it out (or recycle it). It takes minimal effort and you can clean up the environment for others to enjoy it. You can’t stop people from littering, but you can help curb the impact by doing your part.
Even though camping season is coming to an end, these act as simple reminders that we can enjoy the great outdoors without impacting it. Are there any tips and tricks you have come up with? Let us know!
Looking towards the future of waste and its direct correlation to natural resources in Ontario, the provincial government has designed & released a Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act, the Waste Free Ontario Act, as well as the Waste Diversion Transition Act, which will significantly affect the way business and residential waste is handled. In addition to these acts, the provincial government has designed a “Strategy for a Waste Free Ontario,” which outlines key goals and details that are excluded in the acts. We thought it might be beneficial to our readers to outline exactly what this legislation aims to do and what/who they will affect. They are vague in some areas and very detailed in others, but this should give you an outline of exactly what the future holds for waste in Ontario.
Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act
The Ontario provincial government initially created the Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act as a declaration that there is value in protecting the natural environment through innovative waste disposal & reduction methods. It is the aim of this act to decrease the need for waste disposal through various methods of waste reduction, including but not limited to: recycling programs, increasing product life cycle, decreasing packaging & even decreasing hazardous/toxic substances in products/packaging.
One of the most interesting pieces to this act is that Ontario government aims to “hold persons who are most responsible for the design of products and packaging responsible for the products and packaging at the end of life.” This means that the Ontario provincial government aims to place responsibility on those producing packaging and products on the recyclability, reusability and life cycle of products in comparison to those in their industry. This establishes legislation for government-enforced compliance for producers to consider end of life, and incorporate recovered materials. By putting the onus on the companies that design, produce and market these products and packages, the provincial government is targeting the source of the problem. This holds the producers of these goods environmentally and financially responsible. This alleviates some of the pressure of recycling, reusing and reducing from the consumers and waste disposal facilities, while establishing a circular economic framework. This will also allow for industry consistency and innovation.
The Waste Diversion Transition Act
To accompany the above act, the provincial government released The Waste Diversion Transition Act. The Waste Diversion Transition Act is an act that’s purpose is to promote the reduction, reuse and recycling of products and goods in the Ontario marketplace in conjunction with the other two acts. It also provides guidance for the operation of waste diversion programs, as well as outlines available funding.
The Waste Diversion Transition Act outlines a lot of the funding available for the diversion programs that need to be in place in order for strategy’s in the act to go live. This is where the word ‘transition’ is key in the acts title name, as it is providing a way for businesses, waste industry leaders and environmental stewards to transition to waste efficient facilities through government funding. This is a great tool for waste diversion programs that need the extra funding to set up new machinery or markets for the incoming/outgoing recyclable waste.
The Waste Free Ontario Act
Further to the above two acts, The Waste Free Ontario Act is an act that has been created to enact the details within the Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act and the Waste Diversion Transition Act (and to repeal the previous Waste Diversion Act of 2002). Therefore, these acts are intrinsically connected and aim to meet similar goals in order to protect the natural environment in relation to waste reduction.
The Waste Free Ontario act provides further detail into the responsibility of corporation holders that design, produce and market products or packaging to sell in Ontario, including that of convenience packaging and waste generated from the transportation of goods. It details and incorporates most of the key goals that are included in the Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act in relation to increasing recyclability, reusability & life cycle of products and packaging. All in all, the Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act & The Waste Free Ontario Act are constructed to meet the same goals, with the Waste Free Ontario Act setting the details of the goals.
Strategy for a Waste Free Ontario: Building a Circular Economy
However, along with these three acts comes a “Strategy for a Waste Free Ontario: Building a Circular Economy,” released in conjunction to the acts to reinforce the provincial commitment to reducing waste across Ontario for the betterment of the environment. The strategy provides a more detailed description of the acts, including key strategies & goals that directly build off of the Waste Free Ontario Act. This is certainly a great piece to accompany the acts and provides more insight into the rationale in the creation of these acts.
The ultimate goal of all three acts and the strategy is to one day achieve zero waste and zero greenhouse emissions for the waste sector in Ontario. As the Ontario government focuses on producer responsibility they are tackling the current waste problem directly from the source.
As the strategy states, the current waste diversion rate is only about 25% of about 11.5 billion tonnes annually. With the acts and strategy in place, the Ontario government is aiming to divert 80% of waste by 2050. They aim to then establish a zero waste goal continuing from 2050. To achieve this goal, they have steady milestones between now and 2050 to ensure they are meeting their diversion & reduction targets. This strategy even provides an outline of 15 different actions to achieve these waste diversion and reduction goals.
One action that we find particularly interesting is – “Implement an action plan to reduce the volume of food and organic wastes going to landfill.” At the center of what we do here at Davidson Environmental, keeping food out of the landfill is our main objective. Given this, we find this action extremely interesting as it could mean big things on the horizon for us as an organics service provider, and for the environment. In this strategy, the Ontario government has committed to banning organic waste from landfills starting in 2022 and is creating “The Food and Organic Waste Action Plan.” We will be sure to have an entire blog post on this action plan alone, but for now, this is seemingly something that needs to be noted and is a huge step forward in the waste management industry.
As the provincial government continues to put funding and support into waste reduction and diversion, Ontario residents and businesses alike should expect a shift in their current recycling practices as we transition into a waste free province.
Residents in Ontario, for the most part, already participate in recycling programs and therefore the paradigm shift should not be too major. For those cities, like London, Ontario, that do not currently have organics recycling, there may be a learning curve and transition period for those who are not familiar. However, recycling has become pretty standard for most Ontario residents and therefore, these acts likely won’t affect current recycling programs.
At all levels, these acts really do directly affect businesses. Whether the business produces products/packaging, or disposes of products/packaging from retail stock, transportation packaging or returns, strong waste diversion and reduction programs need to be implemented. This would include blue box recycling programs, along with organics recycling. For smaller sized businesses this may not be difficult but for large based corporate businesses, this may take time to transition into.
Needless to say, this is an exciting time for the waste industry!
The Resource Recovery & Circular Economy Act is based on a producer responsibility framework and establishes:
- Provincial interest in the environment through waste reduction strategies.
- Producer responsibility (environmentally & financially) for end of life materials (including recyclability and reusability)
- Resource productivity & recovery authority to closely monitor and enforce producer compliance
The Waste Diversion Transition Act has been designed to create a transition from the current waste diversion programs to the new ‘producer responsibility framework’ and establishes:
- That there is funding available for environmental stewards, waste management leaders and businesses alike to ensure a seamless transition
- The need for promotion, marketing and education to assist in altering the current residential mind set regarding waste in Ontario
The Waste Free Ontario Act was created to enact the above two acts and repeal the former Waste Diversion Act of 2002 and establishes:
- Provincial interest in the environment through waste reduction strategies.
- More detail into the producer responsibility framework
The “Strategy for a Waste Free Ontario: Building a Circular Economy” provides a more developed rationale and understanding of the current waste reduction goals and establishes:
- Goals and milestones for waste diversion rates in Ontario, with the goal reaching towards 80% diversion by 2050
- 4 objectives and 15 actions to reduce waste in Ontario
This strategy is available for reading here: https://files.ontario.ca/finalstrategywastefreeont_eng_aoda1_final-s.pdf
As life continues to get busier, food convenience becomes more attractive to the millions of ‘on-the-go’ families across Canada. Whether its to get the kids off to school, to get yourself off to work or after-hours activities, it seems like most meals, especially snacks, need to be ‘on-the-go’ friendly. For food manufactures and food service locations to accommodate this new lifestyle trend, food packaging continues to get more clever, making it more convenient (and more attractive) to take food on-the-go.
Although this ‘packaging for convenience’ is convenient, it is far from sustainable. From individually packed granola bars to prepacked meals, there is very few food items that come without packaging. Not many people think about the impact that all this packing has on our environment, as more focus is on the pretty labels and marketing gimmicks that lead the average Canadian into thinking that “food convenience makes my life so much more convenient.” But it is not convenient for the planet.
Packaging acts as a marketing tool to draw consumers into products that they wouldn’t normally buy or to entice consumers to different brands of regularly purchased items. Take cereal for example – this packaging always contains pretty colours and animals/cartoons to draw the consumer in. But not only does it come in a box, but there is an unrecyclable bag inside that box – why so much unnecessary packaging? All for marketing.
This applies to almost any and all reasons for excessive, unnecessary packaging. Granola bars, frozen foods, dairy products and even coffee and produce, all contain some sort of packaging. The worst part is that most of these items are ‘double packaged’ (i.e are boxed/bagged and wrapped/stickered) and almost all food packaging is considered garbage in waste streams. This means that all of that packaging is considered garbage and therefore ends up in the landfill. Filling our landfill with more plastics, metals and unrecyclable materials ultimately puts more stress on our ecosystems
For us here at Davidson Environmental, we deal with a lot of food, which means we see a lot of food packaging. From stickers on produce, to prepackaged greens and even boxed frozen foods, packaging in the food industry is extreme, and often unnecessary. The issue we have with packaging is mainly on a contamination level. It is very difficult to have proper practices in place to capture all food packaging to ensure proper composting methods ensue. Even the littlest things, such as stickers on produce, can have an impact on the quality of end material that is generated.
However, Davidson Environmental is in the process of acquiring a machine that will efficiently remove food packaging from the food we collect in our food disposal program. This machine is called the BioSqueeze 200, de-packing system. This innovative technology is a hydraulically operated press that separates food waste into two parts – packaging and food. As the packaged food moves through the machine, the food waste results in a nutrient rich, high solid, slurry mixture. This slurry mixture is mostly contamination free, with the ability to easily be mixed in with other compost material to be transformed into biogas & high nutrient fertilizer. This machine is the next big innovation in food waste disposal, especially with the increased use of food packaging presently in the consumer market. If we are able to successfully secure this machine in our St Catharines plant, we will be the first business in North America to have the BioSqueeze fully operational for institutional, commercial & industrial waste disposal.
Next time you throw food out into the green bin, please consider unpackaging the food item to avoid contamination in the composting or biogas process. It is very important, as not all processes have access to the BioSqueeze system as mentioned above. Further, as consumers, make food packing conscious choices. Consider alternative packaging options, buy in bulk forms where possible and reduce your overall environmental foot print. It may take you extra time to do this, but it is the most environmentally responsible choice!
The global movement, #PlasticFreeJuly is making an impact on consumers and businesses alike in an attempt to curve the amount of plastic entering the landfill. This may seem like a daunting and difficult challenge to undertake, but I guarantee that 1 – it is easier then you think and 2- you’ll feel good about decreasing your impact on the natural environment. At the very least, even if you don’t ‘feel good’ or think its easy, it will provide you with a better idea of how much plastic and waste you generate in a day, week or month and how to make better choices as you go through the rest of the year and your life.
First thing about this challenge, is that you can choose your commitment level. Perhaps you’re mostly plastic free as is, then bigger commitments may be in order. But maybe avoiding plastic is impossible for you due to your lifestyle, job, etc, but you still want to curb your impact in some way. In this case, you can just choose small victories to accomplish for the month, such as no straws or go big and change all plastic reliant habits. Whatever level you feel comfortable with, you will still be making a change and assisting in decreasing your impact.
Further, the nice thing about plastic free July is that there are LOTS of reusable, plastic free, options out there that make this challenge a lot easier then it would have been in any other decade. Consumers, as a whole, are more conscious about the products that they buy and realize their ‘buying power’ over the market. There are 5 essential products you need before you make the commitment to ease in the transition (in our opinion). They are:
- Reusable Water Bottle
- Reusable Coffee Cup/Mug
- Reusable, preferably metal, Straw
- Plastic free containers for food
- Reusable bag
By having these 5 things on hand, at all times, the plastic free lifestyle becomes much simpler. Although these products can make it easier, you will still be faced with decisions that could hinder your commitment to #PlasticFreeJuly. For instance, when you go to ‘opt out’ of the conventional coffee cup at the local coffee joint but they refuse to take your reusable coffee mug do to public health complications etc. So you are forced to make a decision – will it be the non-recyclable coffee cup and plastic lid or will you have to go without coffee? It is small things like this that you must work around and and accept that you just might not get your regular caffeine intake that day. This will be your largest and most frustrating learning curve, but its for the better of the environment, right? Plus, you have the choice to take it as far as you want so the decision is in your hands at all times.
Most of the plastic issues you will encounter are a direct result from the food industry. All foods, even produce, can come in plastic packaging. The grocery store is where plastic free July will frustrate you and temp you to give up. Plastic at the grocery store is everywhere and I guarantee it will open your eyes to how much food packaging there is out there for items that do not even require it (i.e. produce). I try to stick to the bulk foods section, bring my own reusable bags and jars and simply will opt for other waste free options for products that vary by brand, style etc.
All in all, plastic free July is a commitment, no matter how big or small, that everyone should attempt to take – even if you don’t stick to it. The movement brings a strong sense of community and acknowledgement to the excessive waste we as consumers generate daily. With a heightened sense of responsibility for the natural environment, consumers across the globe are making the plastic free change – will you join us for Plastic Free July?
Biodiesel refers to the chemical reaction of vegetable oil and animal fat based lipids with alcohol to produce fatty acid esters. Here at Davidson Environmental, we have recently purchased our own Biodiesel processing machine – specifically we purchased the BioPro 190 Automated Biodiesel Processor to start processing, mixing, creating and USING our own biodiesel from vegetable oil and animal fats that we pick up from our customers.
Derived from naturally occurring oils/grease/fats, biodiesel one of the safest, cleanest and most sustainable types of fuel on the market. Its biodegradable composition makes it much less harmful to the environment, and it produces less air pollutants in comparison to petroleum-based diesel.
Although Biodiesel often contains some part of fossil fuel derived diesel, this fuel type will always be safer, cleaner and more sustainable then their 100% fossil fuel derived counter parts. Generally, the most popular blend of biodiesel is B20 – composed of 20% biodiesel and 80% petrodiesel. The reason for this blends popularity is because it is the highest amount of biodiesel to petrodiesel ratio that can be used in diesel equipment with little to no modifications. Of course, biodiesel in its pure form (referred to as B100) can be used but it is not as common as it usually requires certain engine modifications to avoid maintenance and performance issues. In Canada, it becomes difficult to run B100 in regular engines, solely based on climate. The cold weather hinders biodiesel performance in all aspects, so the blend is necessary.
We are excited, as a company, to be utilizing fats and oils that we already pick up from our customers to take a step towards a more sustainable and environmentally conscious business model. Making and utilizing the biodiesel for our own trucks and diesel fueled equipment is just another way we are doing our part to help curve our environmental impact!
With the holidays quickly approaching, it is important to start thinking about:
1. How much food waste you are generating this time of year, and;
2. How you are disposing of your fats, oils and greases you inherently create while preparing holiday meals for the family.
Time and time again, we will remind you how important it is to properly dispose of your food waste, ensuring it goes into the organic waste stream, rather than the garbage. The reasons for this go beyond the scope of this blog post, but for more information on proper disposal of food waste, please see our other blog posts!
In this post, I would like to focus on fats, oils and grease disposal, which often goes un-discussed. Fats, oils and grease, also commonly known as FOG, are naturally created through preparing meals- especially meats and poultry.
When I think of FOG, I always instantly think of the most common meat that creates excess FOG- bacon! The problem with this type of FOG, is that it liquefies when it’s hot, making it seem like an ‘okay’ substance to put down the drain. But as it gets colder/room temperature it solidifies and hardens, making it an absolute mess in the sewer drains. It has the ability to build up overtime and clog your plumbing and sewers- which could even lead to your basement flooding!
Given this, it is always important to dispose of your FOG properly, either putting in your organics bin or bringing it to your local landfill depots. Although this would differ from municipality to municipality, most have local collection programs for FOG or if you are a commercial business, we would be happy to assist in the collection! Look online for local collection programs!
For example, the city of London has launched an FOG collection program in partnership with us. Having collection of FOG at their local landfill depots, they have dramatically decreased the amount of FOG going into their sewer lines. Check out the latest CBC interview regarding the new program.
What can and cannot go into your organics bin can be confusing. It becomes even more complicated when different organics bin programs accept different material. Although all organics bin programs differ from municipality to municipality and business to business, there are some standard items that are accepted across the board.
For the majority of organics programs out there, the following is accepted:
Every organics & composting program will accept food waste. Rotten produce (fruit and vegetables), produce peelings, bread, coffee grinds, egg shells, and all other edible food products can be disposed of in your organics bin. Most will also accept all meat and animal by-products (dairy), such as meat trimmings and bones. If you are composting at home, it is unlikely that you would want to compost meat products because they contain some unhealthy bacteria, and have a higher likelihood of attracting vermin and pests. However, in industrial composting or bio-gas facilities, meat and meat by-products are easy and safe to process.
Further, napkins and compostable paper products are generally accepted in your local organics program. These are things like paper towel, tissue, moulded paper (egg cartons, coffee cup trays) and paper take-out containers. Since these materials have been recycled so many times, they are no longer accepted in the paper recycling stream, but break down well in the organics stream and provide a material for excess moisture, liquid and oil to reside.
Animal fats from cooking various animal products release natural fats/oils that assist in the cooking process. When you are done cooking meat and poultry, there is often grease, fat and oil leftover from the cooking process. This end product can be put into the organics stream. Putting this product down the drain is a common mistake that could cost residents and business owners in the end, as it causes severe draining issues after build up occurs. Given this, it is very important to dispose of grease and fat properly.
Wooden utensils, skewers and popsicle sticks are all able to go into the organics stream. This is a great alternative to plastic utensils that would otherwise go into the landfill.
There is one other item that not all organics programs support, but we do at Davidson Environmental. Coffee cups!
Coffee cups are only compostable in some facilities that have longer, more industrious composting processes. Coffee cup material is absolutely not recyclable in the paper stream, which means if it is not composted, it is garbage. Think about how many coffee cups go into the landfill each day if they are not being composted. A lot! At Davidson Environmental, we utilize all of our organic material for bio-fuel, which is an extensive and lengthy process which gives the coffee cup material enough time to break down into compostable material.
Although this list is extensive and provides you with a good foundation of what goes into your organics bin, you should always check with your local municipalities guidelines if you are getting service directly from them as what can and cannot go in your bin may differ. For those who work directly with us, do not hesitate to contact us at any time if you have questions about what goes into your bin. E-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us anytime.
It is widely discussed amongst environmental scholars, waste management professionals, business owners and residents that diverting organic material from the landfill is the ‘right thing to do.’ But why is it the right thing to do?
Organic waste is something that we inherently create as humans through our consumption patterns. Making sure it goes into the right recycling stream is important because:
1. Less waste = less garbage in the landfill = better for the environment
The most simplistic and basic answer to this goes back to learning the three R’s in grade school. Reducing, reusing and recycling our waste means that less garbage goes into the landfill, which in turn, is better for the environment. It is important to keep in mind that properly disposing of your organic material saves valuable space in our landfills that could otherwise hold actual garbage material. By decreasing the amount of material entering the landfill, fewer landfills will need to be constructed and this means that less environmental resources will become derogated (land, trees, animal habitat, animals, etc) to build new landfill sites.
In addition, by keeping organic material out of the landfill, the impact on climate change is reduced. When organic material is put into the landfill, it decomposes and produces gases, primarily composed of methane and carbon dioxide. Methane gas is the leading greenhouse gas contributing to climate change. Given this, if you properly dispose of organic waste and divert it from the landfill, you are decreasing your impact on climate change and assisting further in protecting the environment.
2. Saving money on waste disposal costs
In most municipalities, it costs extra to dispose of excess garbage. For example, for us here in the Niagara Region, we are limited to 1 bag of garbage per week with unlimited recycling (including organics). If you exceed the 1 bag limit, you are to buy ‘garbage tags,’ at the cost of $2.00 a tag per extra bag. Although there are reasons beyond not recycling properly that require the purchase of these tags, the majority of residents exceed this limit and have to buy tags because of improper recycling methods, especially organics. By properly recycling, less waste goes into your garbage bag, which can ultimately save you money!
This also holds true for commercial waste disposal. Commercial businesses that use dumpsters to dispose of their waste highly benefit from properly recycling practices since less waste within the dumpster means less frequent pick-ups, which equals decreased waste disposal costs. This is also helpful for odours which can develop over a period of time if organics are left unhandled.
3. Creating & Replicating forms of Natural Resources
When you properly dispose of your food waste, there are various resources that can be generated as its end product. Two of the most common resources generated are:
Bio-Gas, Bio-Fuel, & Bio-Diesel
Using an anaerobic digestion process, microorganisms break down biomass to generate Methane gas. This methane gas is then captured to generate Biogas, which is then able to create electricity and power the local grid. Harnessing Biogas is a clean energy alternative that maximizes the value of food wastes. Food that can longer create the gases needed to capture biogas is then turned into fertilizers and soil conditioners to help grow more fruits and veggies. A continuous, renewable cycle!
Creating rich, natural soil through the decomposition of food waste is another alternative to food waste recycling. Composting can be done at any level, residential or industrial and both involve the same process -worms, heat and decomposing food. With these three ‘ingredients,’ coupled with an extended period of time, nutrient rich soil is the result which can be used to continue growing new fruits and veggies.